Laws and Consequences


Are Synthetic Drugs Legal?

Synthetic drugs are illegal and are included in schedule I of the controlled substance schedules in Minnesota as of 2011. Schedule I drugs are defined as drugs that have a high potential for abuse with no accepted medical use.

As of August 1, 2014, the State of Minnesota passed a new law classifying an illegal drug to include any substance that mimics the effects of illegal drugs. The new law also indicates that sellers who claim a synthetic drug as legal face serious charges including paying emergency services that were needed by an individual they sold to.

Minnesota Legislature ruled to take a separate approach for penalizing trafficking and possession of synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones:

Synthetic Cathinones

  • Trafficking: Individual is subject to a 15-year felony
  • Possession: Individual is subject to a 5-year felony

Synthetic Cannabinoids

  • Trafficking: Individual is subject to a 5-year felony
  • Possession: Individuals may face a misdemeanor penalty

For more information on Minnesota’s Legislation regarding synthetic drugs, refer to The Select Committee on Controlled Substances & Synthetic Drugs most recent Report and Recommendations.